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A lack of financial resources leads to increasing cases of malaria
In fact, there have been fewer and fewer cases of malaria in the world in recent decades. Officially, the disease from the tropics was on the retreat. The doctors of the World Health Organization (WHO) have now warned that the danger posed by malaria has by no means been completely eliminated.
Malaria has actually been relatively well controlled and contained in recent years. The disease is spread by the so-called Anopheles mosquito. The use of nets, prophylaxis and lethal spray campaigns generally reduced the number of diseases. But now there seems to be a worrying trend: The number of malaria cases is increasing again worldwide.
In the future, more people could die of malaria again
"We have made great strides in the fight against malaria in recent years," Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Director General of the World Health Organization (WHO), said in a press release. However, the fight against malaria in various countries and regions of the world seems to have stalled. This will lead to more malaria cases in the future. As a result, more people will logically die of the disease, the expert added.
At present, the number of deaths from malaria is still roughly the same
So far, the number of deaths from malaria has remained largely unchanged. According to the WHO, around 440,000 people died of malaria in 2016. This corresponds approximately to the number of deaths from the previous year. 80 percent of the deaths came from 14 countries in the so-called sub-Saharan region of Africa and India.
These factors influence the fight against malaria
The decline in the fight against malaria is difficult to attribute to a specific reason. Apparently, however, pharmaceuticals and insect repellents are not decisive for the decline, the researchers explain. There are many factors that can affect progress in the fight against malaria. These include, for example, insufficient financial resources or general gaps in malaria prevention measures. But climate-related fluctuations could also have a significant impact, explains Abdisalan Noor from the World Health Organization.
WHO needs more money to fight malaria successfully
The goals of the WHO global campaign to fight malaria, which are envisaged for 2030, cannot be achieved if international spending on malaria containment continues to be insufficient. In 2016, about $ 2.7 billion was spent on fighting malaria. However, this amount is less than half of the 6.5 billion dollars (approximately 5.4 billion euros) required annually, the experts explain.
Financial resources must be increased and containment measures reinforced
Insufficient funding is the biggest problem in containing malaria. If current funding is not increased and measures to curb the spread of malaria are stepped up, we will reach the limits of what we can do to fight malaria, added Noor from the World Health Organization. (as)