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The third gender is used to categorize people who cannot or do not want to be referred to as men or women in the classic sense. On October 10, 2017, the German Federal Constitutional Court obliged the legislature to enable a third gender term in the birth register by the end of 2018. Otherwise a gender entry would have to be dispensed with entirely. Here the third gender is referred to as intersex. Gender characteristics are not clear in intersex people. Chromosomes, gonads, hormones or external genital organs can have both male and female characteristics.
According to experts, there should be more than 60 variants of the third gender. For example, some intersexuals look like women, but have a Y chromosome in their genome. Others produce male hormones even though they were born with a female genitalia. There are also intersex people with two genitals. Due to a lack of education and social distance, there was always discrimination of the third sex. It is estimated that between 80,000 and 120,000 intersex people are currently living in Germany. (vb)
(Photo 1: fotohansel / fotolia.com)