Studies: listening to classical music lowers blood pressure and heart rate

Studies: listening to classical music lowers blood pressure and heart rate

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Can classical music sounding help people with high blood pressure?
There are certainly some people who find classical music very relaxing. But does this relaxation also have a positive effect on our health? Researchers have now found that classical music by Mozart and Strauss is able to lower blood pressure and heart rate.

Can classical music really trigger changes in our body? Scientists at the Ruhr University in Bochum have now found out in an investigation that the music of Mozart and Strauss can really help to lower blood lipid concentrations and heart rate. The doctors published the results of their study in the current edition of the Deutsches Ärzteblatt (Dtsch Arztebl Int 2016; 113: 347-352).

Study examines effects of musical genres on the cardiovascular system
Classical music can help people with blood pressure or heart rate problems. This is the result of a study of the effects of different musical genres on the cardiovascular system, the authors explain. This was the conclusion reached by the researchers at the Ruhr University Bochum when examining 120 subjects. Half of all study participants were divided into three different groups, each of whom listened to the music of different composers or interpreters for 25 minutes, the doctors say. For example, one of the groups listened to Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, the second group of subjects to music by Richard Georg Strauss and the third group to music by the well-known pop band ABBA. The remaining 60 participants were assigned to a control group, who spent the entire time in silence, the scientists explain.

Classical music lowers blood pressure, heart rate and cortisol concentration
The doctors measured the blood pressure, the heart rate and the cortisol concentration before and after exposure to the different music (or the time of silence). Classical music by Mozart and Strauss especially lowers blood pressure and heart rate, the authors say. The songs from the ABBA group found no significant effect in the investigation, add the scientists from the Ruhr University in Bochum. The control group spent the time resting on its back. This also brought about a reduction in blood pressure, but the effects were far less pronounced than when exposed to classical music by Mozart or Strauss, explains the research team.

Mozart and Strauss especially lower cortisol levels
All music genres led to a significantly lower concentration of cortisol, the researchers say. However, the scientists suspect that the decrease in cortisol concentration also depends on the gender of the participants. The decline was more pronounced among participating men compared to women from the test groups, the experts explain. Especially after sonication by music from Mozart and Strauss, there were clear differences in the reduction of cortisol levels. In addition, it was clearly established that the positive effects of classical music were much stronger than the effects of silence in the participating control group, the scientists add. (As)

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