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Cataract: The risk of cataracts increases with age
Cataracts are one of the most common eye diseases in Germany. The risk of developing the so-called cataract increases with age. The risk can be reduced by certain factors, such as nutrition. If your eyesight deteriorates, you should definitely consult a doctor.
Like looking through a veil
The constant feeling of looking through a veil or fog can indicate the so-called cataract. With this eye disease, the lens becomes cloudy. "The signs can be blurred vision and" how-through-a-fog-vision "," says the patient information portal of the Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG).
Particularly common eye disease
According to the "German Ophthalmological Society (DOG) - Society for Ophthalmology", the cataract with almost ten million sufferers is one of the most common eye diseases in Germany. As the disease progresses, eyesight deteriorates, colors and contrasts blur more and more.
The risk of cataracts increases with age. A distinction is made, however, between the typical "age cataract" and other forms, such as the cataract in systemic diseases (e.g. diabetes mellitus) or the drug-induced cataract.
Drug treatment is not available
Without treatment, blindness can sometimes occur. There is no drug therapy. "The affected lens can be removed by surgery and replaced with an artificial lens," says IQWiG. The eyesight can usually be largely restored.
Stopping smoking reduces the risk of cataracts
It is now also known that factors such as smoking or diet have an impact on the risk of developing a cataract. British researchers recently reported that cataracts in women are caused by diet and high vitamin C intake can offer protection against the disease.
Refraining from smoking also lowers the risk of developing cataracts, Swedish researchers reported. (ad)